Need professional work and do Best work.. Read attached document and do work as per attached document. ! , With such a large population decline from the pandemic, wages soared in response to a labour shortage. The Y. pestis infection most … , The phrase 'black death' – describing Death as black – is very old. Despite a significant number of deaths among members of the ruling classes, the government of Florence continued to function during this period. Homer used it in the Odyssey to describe the monstrous Scylla, with her mouths "full of black Death" (Ancient Greek: πλεῖοι μέλανος Θανάτοιο, romanized: pleîoi mélanos Thanátoio).  This is known as the First plague pandemic. Italian chronicler Agnolo di Tura recorded his experience from Siena, where plague arrived in May 1348: Father abandoned child, wife husband, one brother another; for this illness seemed to strike through the breath and sight. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. The cause came from a flea which infected a type of rat that started to populate Europe. Farmers with lots of land found that they had to pay higher wages to keep their workers as the feudal system had broken down due to the Black Death so landowners could not make their tennants stay on their land. , The demographic decline due to the pandemic had economic consequences: the prices of food dropped and land values declined by 30–40% in most parts of Europe between 1350 and 1400. After the, plague hit the surviving population was now at a benefit to all the extra crops to feed the, people of the land. Almost half the city of London’s population of 70,000 died of […]  The phrase mors nigra, 'black death', was used in 1350 by Simon de Covino (or Couvin), a Belgian astronomer, in his poem "On the Judgement of the Sun at a Feast of Saturn" (De judicio Solis in convivio Saturni), which attributes the plague to an astrological conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn. As the gavocciolo had been and still was an infallible token of approaching death, such also were these spots on whomsoever they showed themselves.[f].  Baghdad has suffered severely from visitations of the plague, and sometimes two-thirds of its population has been wiped out. Blog. Medical Coding in History The Black Death Medical coding in its earliest form started as an attempt to avoid the Black Death. Subsequent outbreaks, though severe, marked the retreat from most of Europe (18th century) and northern Africa (19th century). , According to some epidemiologists, periods of unfavourable weather decimated plague-infected rodent populations and forced their fleas onto alternative hosts, inducing plague outbreaks which often peaked in the hot summers of the Mediterranean, as well as during the cool autumn months of the southern Baltic states.  However, other sources suggest that the Second pandemic did indeed reach Sub-Saharan Africa.  The 1347 pandemic plague was not referred to specifically as "black" in the 14th or 15th centuries in any European language, though the expression "black death" had occasionally been applied to fatal disease beforehand.  In 2011, these results were further confirmed with genetic evidence derived from Black Death victims in the East Smithfield burial site in England. Italy was particularly badly hit by the pandemic, and it has been speculated that the resulting familiarity with death caused thinkers to dwell more on their lives on Earth, rather than on spirituality and the afterlife. The most authoritative contemporary account is found in a report from the medical faculty in Paris to Philip VI of France. When historians talk about “the plague,” what they are usually referring to is this epidemic of bubonic plague that was caused by the bacterium known as Yersinia pestis. Plague did not appear in Douai in Flanders until the turn of the 15th century, and the impact was less severe on the populations of Hainaut, Finland, northern Germany, and areas of Poland. , Nestorian graves dating to 1338–1339 near Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan have inscriptions referring to plague, which has led some historians and epidemiologists to think they mark the outbreak of the epidemic.  The epidemic there killed the 13-year-old son of the Byzantine emperor, John VI Kantakouzenos, who wrote a description of the disease modelled on Thucydides's account of the 5th century BCE Plague of Athens, but noting the spread of the Black Death by ship between maritime cities. It blamed the heavens, in the form of a conjunction of three planets in 1345 that caused a "great pestilence in the air" (miasma theory). All (81,200) Article Writing (1) Business (3) A: The Black Death was a medieval epidemic, commonly called the ‘pestilencia’, that tore through Europe, leaving nothing but death and misery behind. It is recognised that an epidemiological account of plague is as important as an identification of symptoms, but researchers are hampered by the lack of reliable statistics from this period.  In the first outbreak, two thirds of the population contracted the illness and most patients died; in the next, half the population became ill but only some died; by the third, a tenth were affected and many survived; while by the fourth occurrence, only one in twenty people were sickened and most of them survived.  As infected rodents infected new rodents, the disease spread across the region, entering also from southern Russia. reported the detection of, However, other researchers do not think that plague ever became endemic in Europe or its rat population. It is feared that the plague bacterium could develop drug resistance and again become a major health threat. The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality, or the Plague) was the deadliest pandemic recorded in human history. Black Death - Assignment - MedievalEurope QuestionoftheWeek:BlackDeath .BeforetheBlackDeath, . Because of the plague, an estimated 75 - … “The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe” by Robert S. Gottfried is known as “A fascinating work of detective history, The Black Death  Some Muslim doctors cautioned against trying to prevent or treat a disease sent by God. [h] In 1348, the disease spread so rapidly that before any physicians or government authorities had time to reflect upon its origins, about a third of the European population had already perished. , Although academic debate continues, no single alternative solution has achieved widespread acceptance. It was an infectious disease that affected both animals (rodents in particular) and humans in Europe. In Italy, the population of Florence was reduced from between 110,000 and 120,000 inhabitants in 1338 down to 50,000 in 1351. It was introduced into Norway in 1349 when a ship landed at Askøy, then spread to Bjørgvin (modern Bergen) and Iceland. The Black DEATH Task: You have been asked by the public health bureau of England to design a poster or perform a play that could be posted or shown in public areas to warn people of this new disease that is killing people.  More than 1.25 million deaths resulted from the extreme incidence of plague in 17th-century Spain. Tunis was then under attack by an army from Morocco; this army dispersed in 1348 and brought the contagion with them to Morocco, whose epidemic may also have been seeded from the Islamic city of Almería in al-Andalus. The bubonic plague, caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, arrived in Sicily via ship rats in 1347. 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